In Vitro: Everything You Need To Know


From stimulation to retrieval, the four step process of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) may be the best option for you and your partner. Learn More >>


Our advanced lab with Class 6 Clean Room Certification has the latest technology to ensure the best treatment possible. Learn More >>


Our goal is to provide patients with an unparalleled experience and the opportunity for the best chance of a successful pregnancy. Learn More >>


Dr. Littman is one of Las Vegas’s most trusted and knowledgeable fertility doctors. Learn More >>


Red Rock Fertility is here to help you understand your options for growing your family. Learn More >>


We offer complimentary monthly seminars to answer all of your questions. Learn More >>


This list of FAQ’s and videos will help guide you down the path to treatment options. Learn More >>

In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves four basic steps:

  • 1. Stimulation

    Most women start their menstrual cycle with a crop of eggs, and by mid-cycle, they have a single mature egg. With IVF, the ovaries are stimulated to produce many eggs and most of them are matured. This is accomplished with fertility medications.

  • 2. Retrieval

    Once the eggs, which are contained in the follicles, mature, the patient is then ready for their egg retrieval. This involves a mild, sedative anesthetic. Once the patient is anesthetized, Dr. Littman uses ultrasound guidance to retrieve the mature eggs with an aspiration needle. This is all done through the vagina, so there are no scars. The eggs are removed through the needle and given to the embryologist who identifies them and places them into a dish. Contrary to popular belief, this all takes place in a small dish, not a test tube.

  • 3. Fertilization

    Once the eggs have been retrieved, they are fertilized. Fertilization can occur naturally, where the sperm are placed in the dish and the fastest, luckiest sperm fertilizes the egg. Or, in cases of sperm with poor motility, fertilization can occur via intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where the sperm are injected directly into the egg.

    We have a certified class 5 clean room IVF laboratory and excellent embryologists, approximately 90% of mature eggs retrieved at our center fertilize successfully.

  • 4. Transfer

    After fertilization, the embryos are placed in our triple gas incubators, which most closely replicate the environment of the uterus. They are then grown out to day 3 or day 5 after which they are transferred into the woman’s uterus. This is done by placing a small catheter through the cervix and is a painless procedure and requires no anesthetic.

    Depending on the quality of the embryos, there is an approximately 30-80% chance the transferred embryo(s) will produce a pregnancy. With further steps and testing, our Ultra IVF protocol, which includes PGS testing, significantly increases the chance for a successful pregnancy.